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Judo Vocabulary / Refereeing Terminology

 

Judo Vocabulary

Arashi

- Storm

Ashi

- Leg or Foot

Ashi-Waza

- Leg or Foot Techniques

Ayumi Ashi

- Normal Walking

Dan

- Degree or Level (Instructor Grade)

De

- Advanced

Dojo

- Training Hall

Eri

- Collar

Gaeshi/Kaeshi

- Counter or Reversal

Gake

- Hook

Garami

- Entanglement

Gari

- Reaping

Gatame

- Hold or Crush

Go

- Five or Fifth

Gokyo

- Dan Grade Syllabus (+Kata)

Goshi/Koshi

- Hip

Guruma

- Wheel

Gyaku

- Opposite

Hadaka

- Naked

Hane

- Spring

Hara

- Centre or Stomach

Harai/Barai

- Sweeping

Hidari

- Left

Hikikomi

- Backwards Fall

Hikite

- Pulling Arm or Hand

Hishigi

- Taking

Hiza

- Knee

Hon-Shizentai

- Basic Stance

Ichi

- One or First

Ippon

- Single Arm

Jigotai

- Defensive Crouch

Jime

- Choke

Joseki

- Seat Of Honour

Judogi

- Judo Suit

Judoka

- Judo Player

Juji

- Cross (Resembling A ....)

Kaeshi-Waza

- Counter Throws

Kake

- The Throwing Action

Kami

- Upper

Kansetsu-Waza

- Locking Techniques

Kata

- Pre-Arranged Forms

Kata

- Shoulder or Cross

Kata-Ha

- Single Wing

Katame-Waza

- Ground Techniques

Kenka-Yotsu

- Grip Fighting

Kesa

- Scarf

Kiai

- Shout From The Stomach

Kiyoshi

- Method Of Kneeling On One Knee And One Leg In Kata

Ko

- Minor or Small

Komi

- Drawing

Koshi-Waza

- Hip Techniques

Kuzure

- Broken

Kuzushi

- Unbalancing The Opponent

Kyu

- Student (Senior Grade)

Ma-Ai

- Spacing

Mae

- Front

Mae-Mawari-Ukemi

- Rolling Breakfall

Maki-Komi

- Winding

Ma-Sutemi-Waza

- Rear Sacrifice Techniques

Mata

- Thigh

Migi

- Right

Mon

- Gateway (Junior Grade)

Morote

- Double Arm

Mune

- Chest

Nage-Waza

- Standing Techniques

Nami

- Regular

Ne-Waza

- Ground Work

Ni

- Two or Second

O

- Major or Big

Obi

- Belt

Okuri

- Sliding

Omote

- Front

Otoshi

- Drop

Randori

-Free Practise

Rei

- Bow

Renraku-Waza

- Combination Techniques

Renzoku-Waza

- Continuation Techniques

Ritsu-Rei

- Standing Bow

Ryo-Te

- Double Hand

San

- Three or Third

Sangaku

- Triangular

Sasae

- Propping

Seiza

- Formal Kneeling Position

Sensei

- Instructor or Teacher

Seonage

- Shoulder Throw

Seo-Otoshi

- Shoulder Drop

Shiai

- Contest

Shiho

- Four Quarters

Shime-Waza

-Choking or Strangling Techniques

Sode

- Double Sleeve

Soto

- Outer or Outside

Sukui

- Scooping

Sumi

- Corner

Tachi-Waza

- Standing Work

Tai

- Body

Tai-Sabaki

- Body Movements

Tani

- Valley

Tatami

- Judo Mats

Tate

- Lengthwise

Te

- Hand

Te-Waza

- Hand Techniques

Tokui-Waza

- Favourite Technique

Tomoe

- Stomach or Whirling

Tori

- Performer Of Technique

Tsugi-Ashi

- Walking With A Trailing Foot

Tsukkomi

- Thrusting

Tsukuri

- Fitting Of The Bodies

Tsuri

- Lifting

Tsurite

- Lifting Hand

Uchi

- Inner or Inside

Ude

- Arm

Uke

- Receiver Of Technique

Ukemi

- Breakfall

Uki

- Floating

Ura

- Rear

Ushiro

- Reverse

Utsuri

- Changing

Wakare

- Seperation

Waki

- Armpit

Yama

- Mountain

Yoko

- Side

Yoko-Sutemi-Waza

- Side Sacrifice Techniques

Yon

- Four or Fourth

Za-Rei

- Kneeling Bow

Refereeing Terminology

Hajime

- Begin

Soremade

- That Is All

Ippon

- Full Point

Waza-Ari

- Near Point

Osaekomi

- Holding

Toketa

- Holding Broken

Matte

- Stop

Sonomama

- Do Not Move

Yoshi

- Carry On

Hikiwake

- Draw

Yusei-Gachi

- Majority Win

Fusen Gachi

- Win By Withdrawal

Hansoku

- Disqualification

Shido

- Note

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